How nice the weather today! Great job!

You are an incredible athlete!

Sounds so positive, right?

Yeah, maybe. Actually, it depends on the gesture and speaker’s tone while pronouncing these sentences.

They could be very generous compliment. However, they also can be rude and offensive sentences.

A slight gesture change in expressing these sort of sentences is what so called as verbal irony.

When someone says “How nice the weather today!”

It is completely possible that speaker actually verbalizes that the sun is shining brightly, the birds are sparkling, and the wind is blowing calm.

In the contrary, if the weather is bad, the rain clouds are rolling, and the storm is raging, while someone says “The weather is great today!” Probably, He does not mean it that way.

Perhaps, what he means that the weather is terrible, but he says the opposite.

This is called as verbal irony when someone says something contrary to what they actually mean.

As general, people understand what actually means. This is sarcasm, isn’t it? and the speaker are uttering a sarcastic/satiric sentence? Yes.

What is verbal irony? – Penerjemah Tersumpah Dokumen Resmi

When someone says something contrary to what they mean, it is verbal irony.

When someone goes a little bit further, he has the opposite mean to his words with a little bit of rude and mockery aim, that is what so called sarcasm.

Let take a look at the second example:

“What a great job”

Someone reachs his dream: Marvelous!

Someone wins a sports championship: Marvelous! Someone crashed another car: Not fantastic.

In the last condition, when a passenger says: Good job!

They may have opposite mean with a bit of jokes called verbal irony and it’s sarcastic.

You are a talented athlete,” said to an Olympian.

Nothing verbal irony showed up.

Say the same thing to a clumsy child, who stumbles into class and muddles his books and pencils until they are scattered throughout the room.

Of course, it is disrespectful and deemed as verbal irony, because what you say is not what you mean.

Especially when there is a purpose to mock the pitiful child, you not only do verbal irony, but also sarcasm/satire.

However, you have to be wary. Despite all sarcasm fits the definition of verbal irony, not all verbal irony is sarcastic.

Verbal irony is when the meant is contrary to what it’s uttered.

While sarcasm adds an offensive attitude.

Sometimes, when another layer of meaning is delivered without a sarcastic tone. Now go out and find examples of verbal irony and sarcasm, good luck…

Wish you luck in this difficult task. None verbal irony here.

Excellent!

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